Upright Piano

The Upright Piano

The upright design was already in use for harpsichords in the 16th century. In the 18th century many builders, particularly in Germany, attempted to apply this form to the piano-forte. In 1800, the first satisfactory uprights were invented independently by Hawkins of Philadelphia and Mueller of Vienna, followed in 1829 by Robert Wornum's compact English cottage piano.

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